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February 2016

About Coyotes

2 years ago No comments

About Coyotes

Currently coyotes are not endangered. However, proper conservation is always a good thing, regardless of the species’ endangerment state.

Description

Coyotes have a grizzled gray or reddish-gray fur; long, rusty or yellowish legs; and large ears. On average a grown Coyote weighs between 20 and 40 pounds [1].

Region

Coyotes are pretty much everywhere in North America. They live in Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Central America. Normally they inhabit forests, plains, and mountains, but they do occasionally enter cities and towns looking for food.

Food

Coyotes are often thought to be only meat eaters, but they are actually omnivores - they eat meat and vegetation [2]. They will eat small game such as rodents, birds, and rabbits. Larger game, such as deer. As well as insects, grass, fruit, snakes, and carrion. Because they eat just about anything, Coyotes play an important role in our ecosystem.

Life Cycle

There is evidence that suggests that Coyotes mate for life [3]. Coyotes breed in February or March. They have a gestation period of around 60 - 63 days and they generally deliver litters of about 5 - 9 pups. The female Coyote will stay in the den with her young until their eyes open - which typically takes 11 or 12 days. During this time, the male Coyote brings food to the den for the female. In the wild, Coyotes live between 10 and 14 years [4].

Habits

Coyotes are solitary animals and mark their territory with urine [5]. During the colder Winter months, however, Coyotes can form packs for more efficient hunting. They are nocturnal, meaning that Coyotes sleep during the day and hunt at night. Coyotes are also very fast. They can run up to 40 miles (64 kilometers) per hour [6].

Sources

  1. http://www.bcadventure.com/adventure/wilderness/an...
  2. http://www.livescience.com/27976-coyotes.html
  3. http://www.nationaltrappers.com/coyote.html
  4. https://www.desertmuseum.org/kids/oz/long-fact-she...
  5. http://www.livescience.com/27976-coyotes.html
  6. http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mamm...

Bobcat? Lynx? What is it??

2 years ago No comments

Bobcat? Lynx? What is it??

In our Cranbrook region, we are lucky enough to have both the Bobcat as well as the Lynx. But how do you tell them apart? Being able to tell them apart is important for hunting as well as general conservation and knowledge. Below are some of the main characteristic differences between Bobcats and Lynx.

The Tail

The tail is probably one of the bigger differences between the Bobcat and the Lynx. The Bobcat has a longer tail. The upper part of its tail has visible rings on it and the very tip is black. However, the entire underside is white. The Lynx has a short, stubby tail. It also has a black tip, but this tip goes all the way around the tip of the tail. It is visible on both the underside as well as the top of its tail.

The Ears

The next difference is the ear tufts. The Lynx has long tufts that stick out of its ears, while the Bobcat has short, little tufts that stick out of its ears.

The Coat

The coat of a Bobcat has distinctive spots and it is reddish-brown in colour. The coat of a Lynx has indistinct spots and is gray in colour.

The Legs

The back legs of a Bobcat are pretty similar in length to its front legs. The back legs of a Lynx, however, are visibly longer than its front legs making its body slope downward from its hips to its head.

The Feet

The back feet of a Bobcat are generally the same size as its front feet. The back feet of a Lynx, on the other hand, are longer than its front feet. The Lynx lives in the upper half of North America (mostly in Canada and Alaska). We generally receive more snow than the lower half, and so the Lynx’s longer back feet help it to better hunt and maneuver in the snow.

Overall Size

The overall size of a Bobcat is typically smaller than that of a Lynx. With the exception of the tail, all the characteristics that we mentioned are longer and larger for a Lynx. Of course each animal is different and you could run into a very large Bobcat or a small Lynx. Because size is not always an accurate indication of species, it is a good thing to note the other characteristics that we pointed out.